yoga terms and yoga words

Best Yoga Terms And Yoga Words To Help Understand Yoga 2019

Yoga is one of the fastest-growing practices in the health and wellbeing industry. So many Yoga terms and yoga words to learn and digest to get the best out of your class. Here are fabfityou we have put together and list of the term to help your understanding.

A, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and Yoga words Yoga Terms and Yoga words Yoga Terms and Yoga wordsYoga Words
Abhyasa practice – the act of practicing
Acharya teacher
Adwaita philosophy according to which there is no duality – only a singular state of consciousness
Agni fire
Agnisar kriya one of the shatkarmas (cleansing practices) -intestinal cleansing
Aham ego
Ahimsa non-violence, non-injury – one of the yamas of ashtanga yoga
Ajapa japa spontaneous repetition of ‘soham’ mantra
Ajna chakra energy center located behind the forehead, also called psychic centre – one of the seven energy centers
Akasha ether, space
Anahata chakra energy center located in the heart region; also called pranic centre – fourth of the seven energy centers.
Ananda bliss, ecstasy
Antar inner, internal
Antar dhauti internal yoga cleansing (shatkarma) techniques
Antar kumbhaka internal breath retention. The stage of pranayama where breath is retained after inhalation.
Antar mouna internal silence – a meditation practice.
Anubhava experience, realization
Ardha half
Ardha dhanurasana half bow yoga pose

B, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Bahir outside, external
Bahir kumbhaka external breath retention. The stage of pranayama where breath is retained after exhalation.
Bahiranga trataka concentrating the attention (gaze) upon an external object such as a candle flame.
Bandha a posture in which organs and muscles are contracted to create energy lock in a specific area.
Basti a colon cleansing technique (shakarma), yogic enema
Bhagvad Gita a part of the famous Hindu epic ‘Mahabharata’. Teachings of Lord Krishna to his disciple Arjuna at the commencement of the battle of Kurukshetra, with explanations on sannyasa yoga, karma yoga, bhakti yoga, and jnana yoga.
Bhakti devotion
Bhakti yoga the yoga of devotion.
Bhastrika pranayama ‘bellows’ breathing technique in which the breath is forcibly drawn in and out through the nose in equal proportions, like the pumping action of the bellows.
Bhramari pranayama breathing practice in which a soft “humming-bee” sound is produced during exhalation to stimulate the Ajna Chakra
Bhujangasana cobra’ pose.
Brahman supreme consciousness, absolute reality.

C, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms yoga words
Chakra literally meaning circle or wheel, in yoga this refers to the energy centers lying along the confluence of the nadis (energy channels)
Chandra moon
Chandra nadi ida nadi
Chidakasha psychic space in front of the closed eyes, just behind the forehead.
Chin mudra hand gesture in which the first finger is kept at the root of the thumb, the last three fingers are unfolded.

D, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Danda stick
Danda dhauti one of the cleansing techniques (shatkarmas), used to clean the oesophagus with a stick.
Danta dhauti teeth cleansing technique
Dhanurasana bow’ pose; backward bending yoga pose
Dharana practice of concentration; sixth of the eight fold path in ashtanga yoga

G, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Ghrita neti neti (nasal cleansing technique) performed with ghee
Gomukhasana cow’s face’ posture
Gorakshasana Yogi Gorakhnath’s’ pose
Guna quality of nature viz. tamas, rajas, sattwa
Guptasana the ‘secret’ pose

H, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Hatha yoga science of yoga which purifies the whole physical body by means of shatkarma, asana, pranayama, mudra, bandha and concentration
Hridaya akasha psychic space of the heart centre
Hatha yoga science of yoga which purifies the whole physical body by means of shatkarma, asana, pranayama, mudra, bandha and concentration
Hridaya akasha psychic space of the heart centre
Hatha yoga science of yoga which purifies the whole physical body by means of shatkarma, asana, pranayama, mudra, bandha and concentration

I, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Ida nadi one of the main energy channels running on the left side of the spine from the mooladhara (base) chakra to the ajna chakra in the head.

J, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Jala water
Jala basti the yoga technique of enema using water – one of the yoga shatkarma
Jala neti a shatkarma technique – cleansing of the nasal passages with water by alternating the flow of water in the nostrils, preferably using a neti pot.
Jalandhara bandha throat lock’ to restrict the flow of bereath through the throat – done by resting the chin on the upper sternum (chest).
Japa continuous chanting i.e repetition of a mantra

K, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Kapal skull or cerebrum
Kapalbhati pranayama a breathing technique aimed at cleaning the frontal part of the brain; also called skull polishing – done through rapid breaths with more force on exhalation.
Karma action; the act of doing
Karma yoga the yoga of action – aims at supreme consciousness through action; discussed in Bhagavad Gita
Karna dhauti one of the shatkarma which involves cleansing the ears.

L, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Laghoo shankhaprakshalana a shatkarma technique – also referred as the short intestinal wash. Involves the drinking of several glasses of water and the expelling it through stool after a series of exercises (asanas); in the process a thorough cleansing of the colon takes place.
Laya yoga union with the supreme consciousness through pranayama or devotion. Literally, union by absorption
Laghoo shankhaprakshalana a shatkarma technique – also referred as the short intestinal wash. Involves the drinking of several glasses of water and the expelling it through stool after a series of exercises (asanas); in the process a thorough cleansing of the colon takes place.
Laya yoga union with the supreme consciousness through pranayama or devotion. Literally, union by absorption
Laghoo shankhaprakshalana a shatkarma technique – also referred as the short intestinal wash. Involves the drinking of several glasses of water and the expelling it through stool after a series of exercises (asanas); in the process a thorough cleansing of the colon takes place.

M, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Maha great
Maha bandha the great lock – combines the three locks in yoga – the moola bandha, jalandhara bandha and uddiyana bandha – together with breath retention.
Maha mudra the great gesture – combines the practice of moola bandha, shambhavi and khechari mudras simultaneously.
Maha nadi literally means ‘great nadi’, which is the ‘sushumna’ in yoga
Makara crocodile

N, Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Nadi energy channels in the body, similar to the meridians in acupuncture
Nadi shodhana pranayama breathing technique – is the ‘alternate nostril breathing’ or ‘balanced breathing’ – balances the energy flow in the channels and purifies the energy channels (nadi) by balancing the flow of breath through the right and left nostrils.
Nasagra/nasikagra mudra hand gesture adopted during pranayama to alternate the flow of breath through the nostrils.
Nauli abdominal massage’ – a cleansing technique (shatkarma) involving the contraction of the rectus abdominal muscles.
Neti kriya another shatkarma (cleansing technique) – involves cleaning of the nasal passages or sinus irrigation; jala neti forms a part of the various neti kriyas.

O Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Om the universal mantra; cosmic vibration of the universe; represents the four states of consciousness

P Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Pada foot; section of a literary work
Padmasana lotus pose – a seated meditative posture
Pancha makara the five tantric practices : mansa(meat), madhya(wine), matsya(fish), mudra(grain), and maithuna(sexual intercourse)
Pancha tattwa the five elements – earth, water, fire, air and ether
Param highest, supreme, God

R Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Raja yoga yoga in which union is achieved through concentration of mind
Rakta bindu red bindu, same as beeja(seed) bindu, shakti bindu; the potentially creative bindu from which creation springs; often refers to the ovum.
Rechaka exhalation
Rudra Lord Shiva ; Rudra is said to have sprung from Brahma’s forehead and is one of the holy trinity
Raja yoga yoga in which union is achieved through concentration of mind

S Yoga terms and yoga words

Sahasrara chakra highest energy centre located at the crown of the head
Sakshi witness
Samadhi the final stage of ashtanga yoga in which concentration becomes one with the object of concentration; supreme union.
Samskara impressions stored in the mind that form the basis of our beliefs, attitudes and personality.
Sankalpa spiritual resolve.
Sannyasi one who has renounced the world in seek of self-realization.
Santosha contentment
Saraswati Goddess who bestows knowledge of fine arts and power of speech
Sarvangasana shoulderstand – an inverted posture
Sat truth
Satguru guru who has attained self-realization
Sattwa guna quality unwavering purity
Satya truth-one of the yamas
Seetkari pranayama Breathing technique which involves hissing leading to a  cooling effect upon the whole body.
Shabda Brahman cosmic causal state.
Shakti vital force; energy
Shambhavi mudra a yoga gesture in which one focusses at the mid-eyebrow centre
Shashankasana moon pose
Shatkarma the six yogic techniques of purification of the body, viz. neti, dhauti, nauli, basti, trataka, kapalbhati
Sheetali pranayama cooling breath’ – a pranayama technique that lowers the body temperature by inhaling through the mouth while letting the breath flow in over the tongue.
Shishya disciple; student
Siddha yoni asana the female counterpart of the siddhasana meditative posture, in which the left heel presses the entrance to the vagina
Siddhasana a meditative seating posture in which the left heel presses the perineum (stimulating the mooladhara chakra); also called as the adept’s pose or the ‘pose of perfection’.
Sirshasana inverted pose – the ‘headstand’ in which the body is inverted and balanced on the crown of the head
Soham represents a mantra in meditation; literally means, ‘I am That’. Represents the Psychic sound with the sound ‘so’ during inhalation and ‘ham’ during exhalation.
Soma chakra sixteen petalled chakra situated above ajna and manas chakras
Sukhasana a comfortable meditative pose; also called the ‘easy pose’ or simply the cross-legged pose.
Surya bheda pranayama breathing technique in which inhalation is done through the right nostril ; increases vitality
Surya nadi see ‘pingala nadi’
Sushumna nadi main energy channel in yoga, in the centre of the spinal cord through which kundalini shakti flows.
Sutra neti yogic technique to cleanse the nasal passage using a special thread
Swadhisthana chakra second chakra in the spinal column, above the mooladhara.
Swastikasana auspicious pose -meditative posture similar to siddhasana

T Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Tadasana palm tree pose– standing posture
Tamas the quality of inertia, laziness, procrastination.
Tiryaka bhujangasana twisting cobra pose
Tiryaka tadasana swaying palm tree pose
Trataka one of the cleansing techniques (shatkarma) in which the gaze is focussed upon an object such as a candle flame.

U Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Uddiyana bandha abdominal retraction lock’; drawing in of the abdomen towards the backbone after exhaling
Ujjayi pranayama a kind of breathing technique which produces a light sonorous sound.
Utkatasana squatting position
Uttankoormasana Tortoise pose
Uddiyana bandha abdominal retraction lock’; drawing in of the abdomen towards the backbone after exhaling

V Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Vajrasana the ‘thunderbolt’ pose; a kneeling posture with buttocks resting upon the heels.
Vama swara flow of breath in the left nostril
Vaman dhauti yogic technique to cleanse the stomach by voluntary vomiting. There are two types: kunjal kriya (regurgitating of water) and vyaghra (regurgitating of food)
Varisara dhauti yogic cleansing technique in which a large quantity of water is drunk in conjunction with asanas to cleanse the entire digestive tract; also known as shankhaprakshalana.
Vashitva ability to control all objects, living and non-living

Y Yoga terms and yoga words

Yoga Terms and yoga words Yoga terms and yoga words
Yamuna river emanating from Yamnotri in the Himalayas and joining Ganga near Allahabd, North India;refers to pingala nadi in the pranic body.
Yoga state of union between two opposites – body and mind; individual and universal consciousness; a process of uniting the opposing forces in the body and mind in order to achieve supreme awareness and enlightenment.
Yoga abhyasa practice of yoga.
Yoga nidra a deep relaxation technique also called ‘yogic sleep’ in which mind and body is at complete rest but with complete awareness.
Yamuna river emanating from Yamnotri in the Himalayas and joining Ganga near Allahabd, North India;refers to pingala nadi in the pranic body.

 

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